Biosciences Directorate logo

I.M.A.G.E. Consortium

“Sharing resources to achieve a common goal — the discovery of all genes”

blue/green horizontal line

I.M.A.G.E. Consortium FAQ

Home | Site Map | I.Q. search | Libraries by Species | Clones | Vectors | Primers | QC | Arrayed Clones by: Library | Tissue |

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. How can I get an I.M.A.G.E. Consortium clone sent to me?
  2. FTP?
  3. Does I.M.A.G.E. Consortium have an FTP site?
  4. What tools are available to query the IMAGE dataset?
  5. What resources are available from this website?
  6. Why aren't all the I.M.A.G.E. Consortium clones automatically available any more? How can I find out which ones are?
  7. Which number in a database entry is the I.M.A.G.E. CloneID?
  8. Why are there so many accession numbers and IDs associated with each clone? What do they all mean?
  9. I know a certain IMAGE clone is in the NCBI database, but it doesn't appear in the IMAGE database. Why?
  10. Now that I have a clone, where can I find information about the vector, cDNA library, antibiotics, etc.?
  11. Am I restricted in what I can do with an I.M.A.G.E. clone?
  12. Are there restrictions on inventions (ie patents) using these clones?
  13. How can I get aliquots of the library from which a given I.M.A.G.E. clone is derived?
  14. Is there a bibliographic reference for the I.M.A.G.E. Consortium effort?
  15. How can I check for reported problems on a clone?
  16. What if I have further questions?
blue/green horizontal line

How can I get an I.M.A.G.E. Consortium clone sent to me?

Simply contact one of our authorized distributors and order the clone(s) from them, using the I.M.A.G.E. CloneID to specify which clone(s) you are interested in. You can check for clone availability here.

FTP?

FTP address: ftp.imageconsortium.org
Username: anon@imageconsortium.org
Password: password


Does I.M.A.G.E. Consortium have an FTP site?

Yes. You can access this website's FTP files using a regular web browser by going here: http://www.imageconsortium.org/ftp

This is an anonymous ftp server. If you are using FTP software, you can login (in read-only mode) at: ftp.imageconsortium.org. Use "anon@imageconsortium.org" as your username and use "password" as your password.

Note that the username is NOT "anon". The username is 24 characters long. The username is "anon@imageconsortium.org". You can not use SFTP.

Some files of interest include:
Plate data: includes information for every cloneID on plate location, library, species and Genbank accessions. Data is updated nightly, with monthly cumulative files. The same information is also available for rearrayed clones.
Library data: lists data for each library, including library name, organism, tissue source, cloning details and host strain. Data is updated nightly, with monthly cumulative files.
Vector data: includes data on vector name, antibiotic resistance and source. Data is updated nightly, with monthly cumulative files.
Sequence-verified clones: list of clones which have been verified by sequence end-reads. New files are generated weekly.
Problem clones: list of clones which have had problems reported by any source (not verified by I.M.A.G.E. Consortium). New files are generated weekly.

If you have additional data requests, please send an email to webmaster@imageconsortium.org.


What tools are available to query the I.M.A.G.E. Consortium dataset?

Our query tools include I.Q., a general-purpose clone and library query tool and IMAGEne, a sequence clustering and alignment program.

Current Statistics

IMAGEne

Additional tools have been developed by our collaborators. The Mammalian Gene Collection websites (MGC for human, mouse, rat and cow; XGC for Xenopus and ZGC for zebrafish) allow you to search for full-length MGC clones by gene symbol or keyword, do a nucleotide BLAST against full-length clones, download the full-length clone and sequence list, and view all ESTs and candidate full-length genes.


What resources are available from this website?

Library and vector information:

We array oligo dT-primed, directionally cloned plasmid cDNA libraries as part of several public EST projects, including clones from the following libraries:

See also: Corresponding vector information.

Mouse clones receive MGI IDs along with I.M.A.G.E. Consortium cloneIDs. All sequences are promptly deposited in dbEST.

Rearrayed clone sets:

The I.M.A.G.E. Consortium has rearrayed selected sets of clones, many of which are being sequence-verified for highest quality. We have also collected several rearrays from other sources which are made available as well. Please contact any of our authorized distributors for information on obtaining these rearrays.

The rearrayed sets that are currently available include:

ORFeome Collaboration human full open reading frame set: In 96-well format, the OCAA (kanamycin-resistant) and OCAB (spectinomycin-resistant) rearrays consist of Gateway entry clones containing the full open reading frame (ORF) of a gene. Each clone has been sequenced to high quality on both strands to ensure that there are no errors present.
Status: ongoing

University of Iowa rat Unigene set: In 96-well format, the IRAD rearray contains ampicillin-resistant clones in the pT7T3D-PacI vector. Rearray was prepared in the Soares laboratory at the University of Iowa based on Unigene clustering. Data for each plate in this rearray can be found on the anonymous ftp site here.
Status: complete

MGC, XGC and ZGC predicted full-length: These human, mouse, rat, zebrafish, cow, Xenopus laevis and X. tropicalis clones have been computationally predicted to be full-length based on homology with known genes, and several other methods of prediction for novel genes. All of the clones in this category will be fully sequenced; however not all of them will end up being full length. In 384-well format, the IRAK rearray contains ampicillin-resistant clones, the IRAL rearray contains chloramphenicol-resistant clones, and the IRAM rearray contains kanamycin-resistant clones. Additionally in 96-well format, the IRAH rearray contains chloramphenicol-resistant genes, the IRCE rearray contains spectinomycin-resistant clones, the IRCF rearray contains ampicillin-resistant genes and the IRCG rearray contains kanamycin-resistant genes. Each plate contains clones from multiple libraries, but from one species and one vector only.
To access the full-length sequences, search Genbank (not dbEST) using the following format: "MGC:MGC_id" to return individual sequences or MGC [kywd] for all sequences. The status of the clone will be found in the definition line of the full insert sequence, either "partial CDS" or "full CDS". Clones with certain types of problems will have no full-insert sequence submitted; others will be submitted to the GSS division of Genbank (search for all problematic clones here. Please use the I.M.A.G.E. cloneID to order; it can be found in the FEATURES field of the Genbank entry.
Data for each plate in this rearray can be found on the anonymous ftp site at here and can also be obtained using the IMAGE Query tool (select the collection of interest from the list and submit your query).
View the current list of rearrayed plates, including species, date and full-insert sequencing group.
Status: ongoing

MGC verified full-length, human: This is a subset of the IRAK/IRAL MGC predicted full-length set; these clones have been sequence-verified to match the EST already in dbEST, and have been fully sequenced to high accuracy (full-length sequences are submitted to the primate division of Genbank, NOT dbEST). This rearray is in 96-well format, with each plate containing clones from one species and vector only. Rearray names are IRAT (human, ampicillin-resistant vectors), IRAU (human, chloramphenicol-resistant vectors) and IRCM (human, kanamycin-resistant vectors). Periodic updates will be made as more full-length sequences are submitted. To access the full-length sequences, search Genbank (not dbEST) using the following format: "MGC:MGC_id" to return individual sequences or MGC [kywd] for all sequences. The I.M.A.G.E. cloneID can be found in the FEATURES field of the Genbank entry.
Data for each plate in this rearray can be found on the anonymous ftp site here.
and can also be obtained using the IMAGE Query tool (select the collection of interest from the list and submit your query).
Additional datafiles, including fasta files of all full-length sequences, can be found at the MGC website.
Status: ongoing

MGC verified full-length, mouse: This is a subset of the IRAK/IRAL MGC predicted full-length set; these clones have been sequence-verified to match the EST already in dbEST, and have been fully sequenced to high accuracy (full-length sequences are submitted to the primate division of Genbank, NOT dbEST). This rearray is in 96-well format, with each plate containing clones from one species and vector only. Rearray names are IRAV (mouse, ampicillin-resistant vectors), IRAW (mouse, chloramphenicol-resistant vectors) and IRCL (mouse, kanamycin-resistant vectors). Periodic updates will be made as more full-length sequences are submitted. To access the full-length sequences, search Genbank (not dbEST) using the following format: "MGC:MGC_id" to return individual sequences or MGC [kywd] for all sequences. The I.M.A.G.E. cloneID can be found in the FEATURES field of the Genbank entry.
Data for each plate in this rearray can be found on the anonymous ftp site here.
and can also be obtained using the IMAGE Query tool (select the collection of interest from the list and submit your query).
Additional datafiles, including fasta files of all full-length sequences, can be found at the MGC website.
Status: ongoing

MGC verified full-length, rat: This is a subset of the IRAK/IRAL MGC predicted full-length set; these clones have been sequence-verified to match the EST already in dbEST, and have been fully sequenced to high accuracy (full-length sequences are submitted to the primate division of Genbank, NOT dbEST). This rearray is in 96-well format, with each plate containing clones from one species and vector only. Rearray names are IRBP (rat, ampicillin-resistant vectors) and IRBQ (rat, chloramphenicol-resistant vectors). Periodic updates will be made as more full-length sequences are submitted. To access the full-length sequences, search Genbank (not dbEST) using the following format: "MGC:MGC_id" to return individual sequences or MGC [kywd] for all sequences. The I.M.A.G.E. cloneID can be found in the FEATURES field of the Genbank entry.
Data for each plate in this rearray can be found on the anonymous ftp site here.
and can also be obtained using the IMAGE Query tool (select the collection of interest from the list and submit your query).
Additional datafiles, including fasta files of all full-length sequences, can be found at the MGC website.
Status: ongoing

MGC verified full-length, cow: This is a subset of the IRAK/IRAL MGC predicted full-length set; these clones have been sequence-verified to match the EST already in dbEST, and have been fully sequenced to high accuracy (full-length sequences are submitted to the vertebrate division of Genbank, NOT dbEST). This rearray is in 96-well format, with each plate containing clones from one species and vector only. Rearray name is IRCJ (cow, ampicillin-resistant vectors). Periodic updates will be made as more full-length sequences are submitted. To access the full-length sequences, search Genbank (not dbEST) using the following format: "MGC:MGC_id" to return individual sequences or MGC [kywd] for all sequences. The I.M.A.G.E. cloneID can be found in the FEATURES field of the Genbank entry.
Data for each plate in this rearray can be found on the anonymous ftp site here.
and can also be obtained using the IMAGE Query tool (select the collection of interest from the list and submit your query).
Additional datafiles, including fasta files of all full-length sequences, can be found at the MGC website.
Status: ongoing

XGC verified full-length, Xenopus: This is a subset of the IRAK/IRAL XGC predicted full-length set for X. laevis and X. tropicalis; these clones have been sequence-verified to match the EST already in dbEST, and have been fully sequenced to high accuracy (full-length sequences are submitted to Genbank, NOT dbEST). This rearray is in 96-well format, with each plate containing clones from one species and vector only. Rearray names are IRBG (X. laevis, chloramphenicol-resistant vectors), IRBH (X. laevis, ampicillin-resistant vectors) and IRBN (X. tropicalis, ampicillin-resistant vectors). Periodic updates will be made as more full-length sequences are submitted. To access the full-length sequences, search Genbank (not dbEST) using the following format: "MGC:MGC_id" to return individual sequences or MGC [kywd] for all sequences. The I.M.A.G.E. cloneID can be found in the FEATURES field of the Genbank entry.
Data for each plate in this rearray can be found on the anonymous ftp site here.
and can also be obtained using the IMAGE Query tool (select the collection of interest from the list and submit your query).
Additional datafiles, including fasta files of all full-length sequences, can be found at the XGC website.
Status: ongoing

ZGC verified full-length, zebrafish: This is a subset of the IRAK/IRAL ZGC predicted full-length set for zebrafish; these clones have been sequence-verified to match the EST already in dbEST, and have been fully sequenced to high accuracy (full-length sequences are submitted to Genbank, NOT dbEST). This rearray is in 96-well format, with each plate containing clones from one species and vector only. Rearray names are IRBO (zebrafish, ampicillin-resistant vectors) and IRBV (zebrafish, chloramphenicol-resistant vectors). Periodic updates will be made as more full-length sequences are submitted. To access the full-length sequences, search Genbank (not dbEST) using the following format: "MGC:MGC_id" to return individual sequences or MGC [kywd] for all sequences. The I.M.A.G.E. cloneID can be found in the FEATURES field of the Genbank entry.
Data for each plate in this rearray can be found on the anonymous ftp site here.
and can also be obtained using the IMAGE Query tool (select the collection of interest from the list and submit your query).
Additional datafiles, including fasta files of all full-length sequences, can be found at the ZGC website.
Status: ongoing

Mouse genes (lymphochip): This set of 13K unique mouse genes has been rearrayed in 96-well format (rearray name IRAP) and is currently being replicated for distribution. Sequence-verification is also planned. All clones are in ampicillin-resistant vectors, and each plate contains one vector only.
A flatfile containing all the data (IRAP.preSV.data) can be found on the anonymous ftp site here.
Status: rearray complete, no sequence verification

Human genes (glioma-related): This set of 5500 mostly unique human genes (rearray name IRAX) has been rearrayed in 96-well format and is currently being replicated for distribution. Each plate contains one vector only except for plate 1 which contains a small number of clones from three different vectors.
A flatfile containing all the data (IRAX.preSV.data) can be found on the anonymous ftp site here.
Status: rearray complete, no sequence verification

Human genes (lymphochip): This set of 2500 known human genes (1415 unique genes, 1100 of them represented by two independent clones) has been rearrayed in 96-well format and is currently being replicated for distribution. Each plate contains one vector only. IRAY is a non-redundant rearray of ampicillin-resistant clones, IRAZ is a non-redundant rearray of chloramphenicol-resistant clones, IRBA is a non-redundant rearray of ampicillin-resistant clones that completely overlaps the genes represented in IRAY, and IRBB is a non-redundant rearray of chloramphenicol-resistant clones that completely overlaps the genes represented in IRAZ.
A flatfile containing all the data (IRAY_IRAZ_IRBA_IRBB.preSV.data) can be found on the anonymous ftp site here.
Status: rearray complete, no sequence verification

Mouse pancreas genes: This set of 7000 mouse genes (rearray names IRBD (amp-resistant) and IRBE (kanamycin-resistant) has been rearrayed by the K. Kaestner laboratory (University of Pennsylvania) in 96-well format. Each plate contains clones from one vector only. There are 4 partially-full plates.
A flatfile containing all the data (IRBD_IRBE.preSV.data) can be found on the anonymous ftp site at here.
Status: rearray complete

Human GPCR genes: The full open reading frames of individual GPCR genes have been PCR-amplified and cloned in 96-well format. Originally the rearray names were IRBF (ampicillin-resistant, from the Guthrie cDNA Resource Center, http://www.cdna.org) and IRBI (ampicillin-resistant, from the GPCR Consortium), but more recently clones from Guthrie and the GPCR Consortium have been combined into single plates under the IRBI collection. The origins of each clone can still be tracked with the Guthrie clones originating from library NIH_MGC_146 and the GPCR Consortium clones originating from library NIH_MGC_145. A combined flatfile containing data, including gene names (IRBF-IRBI.preSV.data), can be found on the anonymous ftp site here
Status: sequence verification underway

Human PCR-rescued genes: The full open reading frames of individual genes currently missing from the MGC collection have been PCR-amplified (may contain some 5' and/or 3' UTR as well) and cloned in 96-well and 384-well format. These clones can be cross-referenced using library names NIH_MGC_244 (forward orientation, ampicillin-resistant) and NIH_MGC_277 (reverse orientation, ampicillin-resistant) (rearray name IRBR, 96-well format) and NIH_MGC_282 (forward orientation, kanamycin-resistant) and NIH_MGC_283 (reverse orientation, kanamycin-resistant) (rearray name IRBW for the clones prepared at Baylor College of Medicine, library names NIH_MGC_245, NIH_MGC_264-268, NIH_MGC_271-276, NIH_MGC_286-329, NIH_MGC_333-364, NIH_MGC_373-376 (kanamycin-resistant, rearray names IRBU, 96-well format, and IRCB, 384-well format) for the clones prepared at British Columbia Genome Sequencing Centre and library names NIH_MGC_195 (ampicillin-resistant, rearray name IRBK, 96-well format) and NIH_MGC_330 (kanamycin-resistant, rearray name IRCC, 96-well format) for the clones prepared at the Gene Expression and Production Laboratory, Science Application International Corporation NCI-Frederick. Note these clones are predicted to be full-length but are not yet verified (verified clones will be rearrayed into the verified full-length clone collection).

Mouse PCR-rescued genes: The full open reading frames of individual genes currently missing from the MGC collection have been PCR-amplified (may contain some 5' and/or 3' UTR as well) and cloned in 96-well and 384-well format. These clones can be cross-referenced using library names NIH_MGC_284 (forward orientation, kanamycin-resistant) and NIH_MGC_285 (reverse orientation, kanamycin-resistant) (rearray name IRCD, 96-well format) for the clones prepared at Baylor College of Medicine. Library names NIH_MGC_377-392 (kanamycin-resistant, rearray name IRCK, 384-well format) are used for the clones prepared at British Columbia Genome Sequencing Centre. Note these clones are predicted to be full-length but are not yet verified (verified clones will be rearrayed into the verified full-length clone collection).


Additional Resources and Services:

These primers were used by Washington University's Genome Sequencing Center to sequence I.M.A.G.E. clones.

We maintain a list of clones that have been sequence-verified, with the data coming from several different groups. Washington University has resequenced and verified roughly 70,000 ESTs from mouse clones and has submitted these new entries to dbEST. We also obtain some sequence verification information from our distributors, from groups involved in the MGC full-length sequencing project, and from our own internal quality control effort. The full list of sequence-verified clones, from all of these sources, can be accessed from our ftp site here.

Hybridization data consisting of some di- and tri-nucleotide repeat positive cDNAs from the Soares 1NIB library is available.

The Teacher's Lounge contains online resources for teaching genetics and human genomics.


Why aren't all the I.M.A.G.E. Consortium clones immediately available from the distributors any more? How can I find out which ones are?

Due to the high levels of redundancy in the human and mouse MGC collections, clones from those species arrayed for 5' sequencing since October 2002 (production plates LLAM, LLCM, and LLKM) are no longer routinely available from the I.M.A.G.E. Consortium distributors. Please note the following changes, effective October 2002:

- All human and mouse MGC clones have an 8-digit IMAGE identifier to distinguish them from clones arrayed prior to this date, which have 5, 6, or 7 digit identifiers.
- Only human and mouse clones sent out for full-insert sequencing are available from all IMAGE distributors on a routine basis (as before). To see if a particular clone is included in the completely sequenced set, please check Plate data.
- Human and mouse MGC clones not sent out for full-insert sequencing and which are non-redundant (one whose sequence is unique, i.e. no other clone from the same species contains an identical sequence) can still be ordered directly from the IMAGE distributors, but will require additional processing time. Please contact their help desk directly as the clones may not be listed online.

Some distributors have elected to discontinue receiving EST clones from zebrafish and Xenopus; however, the clones are still available as special-order items through those distributors (but may not be available on their website). In addition, cow ESTs are only available through Open Biosystems, or as special-order items through any of the other four distributors. ALL DISTRIBUTORS RECEIVE ALL FULL-LENGTH CLONES, REGARDLESS OF SPECIES.

You can check for clone availability here.
If you are unable to obtain a clone, please send an email to webmaster@imageconsortium.org.


Which number in a database entry is the I.M.A.G.E. Consortium CloneID?

This depends a bit on which database you are retrieving sequence data from...

In dbEST entries, the I.M.A.G.E. CloneID is the number given in the "CloneID" field. In most cases the ID is prefaced by the word IMAGE.

In GenBank entries, the I.M.A.G.E. CloneID is the number in the Definition line. In most cases the ID is prefaced by the word IMAGE. It can also be found in the Features section on the clone line.


Why are there so many accession numbers and IDs associated with each clone? What do they all mean?

The I.M.A.G.E. cloneID is a unique identifier assigned by I.M.A.G.E. Consortium to each clone. All sequences derived from a given clone will reference the same I.M.A.G.E. cloneID, and there may be more than one Genbank entry for a given I.M.A.G.E. cloneID (ie one for the 5' EST, one for the 3' EST, one for the full-insert sequence, etc). Each sequence entry gets a unique Genbank accession number and a unique GI number (both assigned by the NCBI). All full-length MGC sequence entries are also assigned a unique MGC ID by the Mammalian Gene Collection project. A subset of mouse clones have been assigned an MGI ID from the Jackson Laboratory. The I.M.A.G.E. Consortium distributors may also assign internal tracking IDs to the clones. When in doubt, you can ALWAYS use the I.M.A.G.E. cloneID to order the clone you want and as this is the simplest and most straightforward option, this is what we encourage everyone to do.


I know a certain IMAGE clone is in the NCBI database, but its sequence doesn't appear in the IMAGE database. Why?

Any information we have that comes from NCBI is gathered through a nightly process that we have built to collect data from their databases. It is achieved by parsing all the records in the EST, Primate (PRI), Rodent (ROD), Vertebrate (VRT) and Synthetic (SYN - for ORF clones) sections of Genbank and looking for those that relate to our clones. It goes without saying that the English language does not lend well to a predictable set of rules and therefore we must make certain assumptions in order to parse, store and then deliver data to you. If a submitter isn't aware of the assumptions we must make in order to parse the record then it won't get into our database. We have available a document for submitters that can serve as a guildline for them. It is of course impossible for us to get all data collected on IMAGE clones under the current format of Genbank records, but we do manage to get a very high percentage because our format requirements are generally adhered to by the mass volume sequencing centers that we are in contact with.
Sequences from IMAGE clones with certain types of errors (chimeric, frameshifted etc) are submitted to the HTC division of Genbank and those are not included in our database. You can access them by an Entrez search using the IMAGE cloneID in the format (including double-quotes) "IMAGE:XXXXXXX".

Now that I have a clone, where can I find information about the vector, cDNA library, antibiotics, etc.?

The I.M.A.G.E. Consortium homepage, under the "resources" link, contains a vector list which includes - to the extent we know them - vector sequences, polylinker sites, appropriate sequencing primers, and the like. There are also links to library pages, which are organized by species, or you can select libraries by tissue or library name. Your clone distributor may also be contacted.


Am I restricted in what I can do with an I.M.A.G.E. Consortium clone?

Only by your imagination - almost ... the key is that we are providing clones to advance the public interest. A Good Faith Agreement governs the usage of I.M.A.G.E. Consortium clones. Basically you may use an I.M.A.G.E. Consortium clone for any purpose, but you may not sell the clone itself (you may pass it on for free to anyone else as long as the person receiving it agrees with these same stipulations. In general, we discourage secondhand distribution since clone quality suffers (deleted clones, contaminated stocks, etc.) unless quite a bit of care is taken.) We also encourage people to submit sequence, map, and expression data derived from the use of this clone to an appropriate public database, and you associate this information with the pre-existing unique identifier (I.M.A.G.E. CloneID). We also encourage you to sequence (at least the ends of) any clone you receive, and to immediately inform the distributor of any discrepancies.

Are there restrictions on inventions (ie patents) using these clones?

No, the I.M.A.G.E. Consortium does not place any restrictions on inventions. Any invention based on the use of these clones belongs solely to the inventing party. You may take any reasonable steps necessary to protect your proprietary interests before submitting information to public databases.

How can I get aliquots of the library from which a given I.M.A.G.E. Consortium clone is derived?

This depends on the source of the original (unarrayed) library. Libraries from commercial sources are usually available for sale through that company. Libraries donated by academic groups may be available from that group, or under certain circumstances may be available directly from us. To find the source of a particular library, check the description for that library in the resources list (organized by species), or send an e-mail to webmaster@imageconsortium.org indicating which library you are interested in and we will forward the name of the appropriate contact person. Please be aware that some libraries are not available, and unless the distributor is also the library source, library aliquots are not available through the five distributors.

Is there a bibliographic reference for the I.M.A.G.E. Consortium effort?

Yes: Lennon, G.G., Auffray, C., Polymeropoulos, M., Soares, M.B. The I.M.A.G.E. Consortium: An Integrated Molecular Analysis of Genomes and their Expression. Genomics 33:151-152 [1996].

How can I check for reported problems on a clone?

Problem clone data can be found on the I.M.A.G.E. Consortium website. The available data integrates all problems reported to or by the I.M.A.G.E. Consortium and have not been independently verified. As always, any problems you encounter with a clone should first be reported to the distributor from which it was obtained, and if the problem is not resolved to your satisfaction, you are encouraged to report the problem to webmaster@imageconsortium.org.

What if I have further questions?

Our goal of being able to help integrate genome studies - using publicly available data, from royalty-free cDNA clones - is being reached thanks to your support and enthusiasm, and we always welcome questions, comments, and suggestions to: webmaster@imageconsortium.org
horizontal blue line

Home | I.M.A.G.E. | ORFeome | CGAP | MGC | XGC | ZGC | CMLS | Lawrence Livermore | U Iowa | LLNL Disclaimer | HAIB Disclaimer
Web page maintained by
preston.hunter@asu.edu
Email address:
Biological Questions and Comments to
preston.hunter@asu.edu